CBD isolate is a form of CBD, or cannabidiol, which is a chemical compound present in the cannabis plant. Unlike full-spectrum CBD products, CBD isolate does not contain any THC — the psychoactive component of cannabis.
CBD isolate is a good option for those who would like to try CBD, but who cannot or do not want to ingest any tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), which is the active ingredient in cannabis. Most other CBD products contain at least a small percentage of THC.
CBD isolate is a crystalline solid or powder comprising pure CBD. It is different from full-spectrum CBD products, which can legally contain up to 0.3%Trusted Source THC. This amount may show up on a drug test, but it will not cause a high.
To produce CBD isolate, manufacturers use various processes to extract all the compounds and other substances from the cannabis plant, including THC. The process leaves behind pure CBD in crystal form.
Manufacturers may then grind the crystals into a powder to make the product easier to consume. CBD isolate does not have a distinctive smell or taste.
CBD works by acting on the cannabinoid receptors in the human body. These receptors exist because the human body produces its own cannabinoids, which may influence several bodily functions, including:
- pain perception
- inflammation levels
Researchers believe that CBD does not attach directly to these receptors, but that it influences them in some way. As a result of this receptor activation, CBD exerts its effects on the human body.
Potential effectsTrusted Source of CBD include:
- boosting the immune system (immune-modulating)
- counteracting the formation of tumors (anti-tumorigenic)
- fighting inflammation (anti-inflammatory)
- preventing vomiting (antiemetic)
- recovery or regeneration of the nervous system (neuroprotective)
- reducing or preventing anxiety (anti-anxiety)
- reducing or preventing seizures (anticonvulsant)
- relieving pain (analgesic)
StudiesTrusted Source indicate that CBD can also influence non-cannabinoid receptors, such as the 5-Hydroxytryptophan (5-HTP) serotonin receptor. Serotonin is a chemical that affects levels of depression, anxiety, and sleeplessness, among others. This may help explain why CBD eases anxiety and pain in some people.
Uses and benefits
CBD isolate may help treat the following conditions:
Anxiety : Several studies indicate that CBD has anti-anxiety effects. It likely works by changing the way the brain responds to the chemical serotonin.
Pain and inflammation relief : People often use CBD to treat a variety of inflammatory conditions and types of pain, including:
- arthritis pain
- cancer pain
- chronic back pain
- neuropathic pain
While CBD isolate may provide pain relief, research indicates that a full-spectrum CBD product may be even more effective because cannabidiol acts synergistically with THC to boost its analgesic effects.
Epilepsy : CBD demonstrates antiseizure effects, which means it has the potential to treat epilepsy. According to the American Epilepsy Society, CBD research offers hope for those with the condition.
Cancer and the effects of cancer treatment : Research into the effects of CBD on cancer growth is also in the early stages. However, some animal studies do indicate that it might prevent the growth of cancer cells. The National Cancer Institute indicates that CBD may alleviate some cancer symptoms and side effects of cancer treatment (including nausea and vomiting).
CBD isolate is generally a low-risk substance, especially as it does not contain THC. However, in some people, it may cause adverse reactions that include:
- an increase or decrease in appetite
- weight loss or weight gain
CBD can also interact with some prescription or over-the-counter medications, so always talk to a doctor before using CBD or other cannabis products.
It can also interact with some dietary supplements. Individuals should take care if their medications or supplements carry a warning about grapefruit. Common examples include cholesterol drugs, such as atorvastatin (Lipitor) and others.